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INFORMATION ABOUT PERINTHALAMANNA

Perinthalmanna is a city and a municipality in Malappuram district in the Indian state of Kerala. It was the erstwhile capital city of Valluvanad, an erstwhile princely state of Kerala. Perinthalmanna is a town with strong historical and cultural heritage, and for last several centuries, has remained a center of trading and commercial activity for several villages around it, including its hinterland. The town became a municipality on 10 February 1990.

PERINTHALAMANNA HISTORY

From 1835 until late 19th century, violent disturbances surfaced from time to time in different parts of Malabar region, particularly in Eranad and Valluvanad, and the adjoining areas, which included Perinthalmanna. These disturbances and uprisings were basically agrarian unrest. After these disturbances subsided, relative peace returned to large areas currently comprising the state of Kerala. Malabar came under the direct administrative control of the British raj, and was made a part of the Madras Presidency.

PERINTHALAMANNA TOURISM

    The Places of Interest and Sight Seeing

  • Nilambur : Nilambur is famous for its teak plantation. The oldest teak plantation of the world is in the Conolly’s plot is just 2 Kms, from Nilambur town. The plot was named in memory of HV Conolly the then Malabar District collector, who was instrumental in raising the teak plantation in the entire Nilambur area. Sir Chathu Menon, a forest officer under Conolly, organized the hectic task of planning Teak. Chathu Menon was laid to rest in the Teak garden in the Conolly’s plot. The plot of 2.31 hectares is beside the Chaliyar River at Aruvakkode, where a country boat ferry awaits visitors.


  • Teak Museum : Four Kms, away from Nilambur, on the side of Nilambur-Gudallur road, is world’s first Teak Museum and a sub center of Kerala Forest Research Institute. In the Teak Museum, a visitor can have at hand, information on all aspects of teak. The museum, arranged in a two storied building, exhibits articles and details of historic, aesthetic and scientific value. Eighteen Kms, away from Nilabur, is Nedumkayam where the rain forests flourish. Form the wooden rest house built by the Britishers, elephants and deer can be viewed. An elephant-taming center is also there. Half an hour jeep journey through the thick forests from Nedumkayam, leads to Mancherri, the settlement of Chola Naickas, a primitive tribe. Beyond Chaliyar river, 27 Kms. From Nilambur, is Valamthode, a hill top place where a perennial waterfall attracts people. This too is a tribal settlement. Road accessibility is through Kozhikode district by Areekode-Mukkam Road. Nilambur town is famous for kovilakams where the Rajas resided and ruled the land. The Kovilakams have beautiful frescoes and art works in wood. The forest division offices (Nilambur North & South) are functioning from here. It is the terminus of Shornur-Nilambur railway and it is 40 Kms from Malappuram town.


  • Adyan Para :Beautiful waterfall, suitable for trekking Adyan Para, 10 Kms. away from Nilambur is fast emerging as a main tourist center.


  • Manjeri :Twelve Kms. northeast Malappuram town, Manjeri is the head quarters of Eranad taluk. It was a live center of the National movement. Majeri Kovilakam was the seat of the ruling families under the Zamorins. The district hospital and District court are at Majeri. Some district offices like the District Medical Office, PWD Roads Division etc. are also functioning in this own. Anakkayam 2 Kms. from Manjeri was an important center in 1921 mass upsurge. Anti British revolts took place from 1790 itself, in and around Manjeri.


  • Malappuram : Malappuram is the head quarters of the district. It is 26 Kms. South-East from Calicut Airport and 28 Kms. North-East from Tirur railway station. It was a military head quarters from ancient times. The Zamorins of Kozhikode had their away over this place and they stationed a part of their militia here. Para Nimbi, the chieftain of the Zamorin, ruled with his head quarters at Kottappady in Malappuram. Malappuram Nercha, celebrated in summer, is in memory of martyrs who fought the atrocities of the militia. The Britishers established the Haig barracks on top of hill, at the banks of kadalundi river, to station their forces. Main barracks has now been turned into the seat of district administration. Main district offices are functioning here. Malappuram is the headquarters of the Malabar Special Police, established in 1921. Pookkottyr near Malappuram, has a place in history, where the mappila warrior fought the British with their traditional weapons were killed in cold blood, during the Malabar rebellion. Panakkad, 6 Km from malappuram in Malappuram-Parappanangadi road, is an important spiritual center for the Muslims of Kerala, Ten Km. away from Malappuram, between Anakkayam and Manakada, is poonkudi Mana, famous for the traditional method of treatment of mental illness. Seminars on modern treatment and traditional styles are conducted here. Poonkudi Thalappoli is a Hindu religious festival of this mana.


  • Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala : Kottakkal is a world-renounced center of Ayurveda. The Arya Vaidya Sala, established by P.S. Warrier, the well-known physician and social reformer, has completed its hundred years of glorious existence. People from different parts of the world come for treatment, Art and culture also flourish in Kottakkal at the patronage of Arya Vaidya Sala. P.S.V. Natyasanghom has a unique place in Kathakali. A Kathakali School is run by the Sanghom. Venkata theva temple near the Arya Vaidya Sala, is noted for mural Paintings. Kottakkal Pooram festival attracts thousands. Connoisseurs of music, art, culture and literature of the country, participate in the cultural mela organized in connection with the pooram. Annual Seminar on Ayurveda and other branches of medicine, conducted as a pert of founder’s day of Arya Vaidya Sala, are attented by experts from abroad also. A medicinal herbal garden, maintained by the Vaidya sala is a rare treasure. There is an Ayurveda College at Kottakkal. The Govt. of Kerala runs the only Ayurveda Mental Hosptal of the state, here. Kottakkal is 12 Kms. west of Malappuram. National Highway-17 passes through Kottakkal. The distance from there to Calicut Airport is 13 Kms., and to Tirur Railway station is 16 Kms. The famous Kadampuzha Devi Temple is not far from Kottakkal, where devotees in and out of Kerala, come and pray to remove obstruction in life. Dry coconut is the main offering.


  • Tirunavaya :The land of ancient Mamankam, Tirunnavya is South of Tirur. Situated on the banks of Bharathapuzha; it is a place of historical importance. In olden days, Mamankam was a grand assembly of the rulers held once in 12 years, in which, one among them was selected as the emperor of Kerala. It was an enormous trade fair also. The Mamankam festival was celebrated for 28 days with great pomp and pageantry where traders from outside came in ships and barges to Tirunnavaya through Ponnani Port. Thus the economical importance of Mamankam was high and hence the right to conduct and control it was important. At the end of the rule of Perumals, the right of mamankam was with Vellattiri, the ruler of Valluvanad. Later the Zamorn of Kozhikode, took this right by force and this resulted in dispute and bloodshed between these two Rajas. Valluvanad Raja used to sent Chaver warriors to fight until death, to recapture the right from the Zamorin, who would stand Nilapadu at Nilapadu thara in Tirunnavaya, Surrounded by a large contingent of soldiers, in every 12th year. The last of such Mamankam, was believed to be held in 1755, when Zamorin had an hair breath escape from a 16 year old Chaver. The Nilapadu thara, now in the premises of Kottakkal Tile factory, is protected by the Archaeological department. A deep well called Manikkinar believed to be dumped with bodies of the Chavers is also protected. Tirunnavaya is a converging place of the Trimurtis, - (Brahma, Vishnu, Siva). Three temples, Consecrated to these deities, are on either bank of Bharathapuzha. The famous vedic Vidyalaya Othanmar Madhom of ancient times, is on of the left bank of Bharathapuzha, near the Siva temple. This madhom was a center of aryanisation through Sanskrit and Vedic education as Tirunnavaya as believed to be the main center, where Parusurama brought and settled Brahmins. The place (Mana) of Puranic fame Azhavancherry Thamprakkal is 2 Kms north of Tirunnavya. Nava mukunda Temple beloved to be constructed by Nava yogis on the right bank of Bharathapuzha, is an important Vishnu temple of Kerala. Pithru Tharpanam is a ritual, held here on the day of Amavasi of Karkitaka (July). ‘Bali Karma’ is offered by people in their wet clothes, after dip in the river, for the salvation of sins and appease the dead souls A martial art festival of Kalarippayattu is conducted during summer on the sands of Bharathapuzha. The famous Changampalli Kalari is near Tirunnavaya. During the second week of February, A Sarvodya Mela is conducted in Tirunnavaya where the Gandhians of Kerala, use to assemble. The Santhikudeeram established by the national leader K. Kelappan, is the center place of this mela.


  • Visweswaraya Industrial and Technological Museum :Adjacent to the Government Museum in Bangalore is the Vishveshwaraya Industrial and Technological Museum, the second of its kind in India.


  • Tirur :Tirur is one of the important business centers of Malappuram district. It is 41 Kms. south of Kozhikode, on the Mangalore-Madras railway line. Thunjan Paramba in Trikandiyur, 3 Kms. from Tirur railway station, is sacred for all who sepak Malayalam. This is the birth place of Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan of the 15 century AD, honoured as the father of Malayalam literature. Important works of Ezhuthachan, Adhyatma Ramayanam and Maha Bharatham are widely recited in kerala homes. A memorium for the great poet has been built at Thunjan Paramba, where weeklong literary mela is organized in last week of December. People in hundreds reach Thunjan paramba with their children, to initiate them into the world of letter on the vijayadasami day. Children are made to write on the white sands of Thunjan paramba with their fingers. Young poets of Kerala come on that day to offer their poem. A Nuxvomica tree, of which leaves are not bitter, is a surprise here. 12 Kms. south of Tirur is Chamravattom Sasta Temple, which is constructed on the Bharathapuzha. Six Kms. from Tirur, is Triprangode where the only temple of Kerala, consecrated to Garuda, the bird deity, is situated. Chandanakkavu, the birth place of the great Sanskrit poet and grammarian, Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri of 16th Century, is 10 Kms. away from Triur in Thiruvnnavaya Kottakkal road. A memoriam has been built there for the poet where small children are brought for their formal initiation into learning, on Vijayadasami day, as in Thunjan Paramba. Tirur-Koottayi road ends at Padinjharakkara, where the Bharathapuzha and Tirurpuzha converge to drain into the sea. This place is noted for migratory birds, gathering in thousands during February-April. Tirur was a witness of the ill-famed Wagon tragedy of the 1921 rebellion. Seventy prisoners sent to Pothannur, filed up in an airtight goods wagon from Tirur railway station, died of asphyxiation. The wagons were returned with the dead bodies to Tirur. Tirur municipality has built a town hall on memory of the Wagon Tragedy.


  • Perinthalmanna :Twenty Kms. South-East of Malappuram, this town is the headquarters of Perinthalmanna Taluk. Thirumandham kunnu temple and Tali temple in Angadippuram, 2 Kms. from Perinthalmanna, are important pilgrim centers, Tiruurkad, a place 6 Kms. away from Perinthalmanna, in Kozhikode road, is famous for its Muslim educational complex and Yathimkhana. The Mankada Kovilakam, 8 Kms. away in Majeri road, was the seat of the ruling family, under old Valluvanad Kingdom. A Chaverthara, preserved near the Thirumandham kunnu temple, is a memorium for the martyrs of Mamankam. The Chaver warriors used to converge at this place before moving to Tirunnavaya. Eight Kms. from Perinthalmanna is Keezhattur, the birthplace of great poet of Malayalam, Poonthanam Namboothirit of 16th century AD. The Guruvayur Devasom preserves the house of the poet as a monument. Pariyapuram Church and Malaparamba Church are important Christian Centers. A fort of Tippu Sultan is at Paloor near Angadippuram. In the Angadippuram Rest house premises, a monument of Francis Hamilton Buchanan;s finding of laterite stone is built by the Gelogical survey of India.


ACCOMODATION/STAY OPTIONS IN PERINTHALAMANNA



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