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D   E  O  G  A  R  H  

INFORMATION ABOUT DEOGARH

Deogarh is situated on the right bank of the river Betwa at a distance of 123 Kms. from Jhansi at the western end of the Lalitpur range of hills. Distance of Deogarh from Lalitpur is 33 Kms.

Deogarh has great antiquarian, epigraphical and archaeological importance. This town has figured prominently in the history. Traces and remains of the Guptas, The Gurjara - Pratiharas, Gonds, Mughals, Bundelas, Marathas are implanted in the surrounding of the town. Principal attraction of the town are Darticcotar temple, a fine Vishnu temple of Gupta period and a group of old Jain temples. The exquisite execution and beautifully carved panels of the temple have called forth the remark that "few monuments can show such high level of workmanship, combined with ripeness and rich refinement in its sculptural effect as the Gupta temple at Deogarh".

Perhaps of somewhat later origin but no less rich in artistic, archaeological and epigraphical value is a group of Jain temples situated inside the fort of Karnali on the hill overlooking the river Betwa. Some 31 of these Jain temples are still standing. The heavily ornamented ponds depict scenes and episodes from Jain mythology, myths and moments in lives of Jain Tirthankars. There are traces of outstanding craftsmanship, characteristic of Jain architecture and sculpture as the Manastambha (votive pillar), Ayagapatta (votive tablet), Pratima-sarvato-bhadrika (Jain image visible from all sides) and Sahastrakoot (pillars carved with thousand Jain images).

The temple of Jain Tirthankar Shantinath is of unique importance of this place. The shape of this idol, in this temple is based on religious and ethical background.

The Barah temple reminds one o the Chandela kings. Some other temples are Gajendra Moksha, Nar-Narayan and Vishnu. The art of Vaishnavi architect is said to be the soul of idol making in these temples. The style of construction of famous Dashavtar temple is a proof of the said fact. Apart from the idol of lord Shiva the sculpture and carvings of Pandava, Dropadi from the Mahabharat are of great interest.

Some of the sculptures, related to Hindu holy book the Ramayan and that of lord Krishna are also kept here. There is an idol of Goddess possessing so many hands in the museum of Jain Dharmshala. This idol is very attractive and is of very high antique value.

DEOGARH HISTORY

The languages used on different sculpture are Sanskrit, Prakrit or distorted Hindi.

On the basis of inscriptions found in Deogarh it is derived that the art of idol making on stone dates back to the period of 919 to 1600 AD. Some stone cutting tools of the ancient times have also been discovered. A special style of Gandhar facsimile can be found not only on idols of Jain Tirthankars but also on statues of men and women depicted in Deogarh.

This spot is an attractive place on the bank of Vetravati. The top view, from temple side of river Betwa is very picturesque because the river has converted itself in a shape of a brook. The land is full of various type of trees of botanical and natural values. The thick forest on the hill is a haunt of wild animals. Red stone and firewood are the two objects of commercial importance available in this area.

DEOGARH TOURISM

    The Places of Interest and Sight Seeing

  • Deoghar :(the House of the God), situated in the Santhal Parganas of Jharkhand, is a popular health resort and an important center of Hindu pilgrimage, having the ancient temple of Baba Baidyanath - one of the twelve Jyotirlingas in India. For centuries, devotees of Lord Shiva, in the month of Shravan. undertake a rigorous 100-km pilgrimage on foot from Ajgaibinath (Sultanganj) to offer Holy Water to Baba Baidyanath. The pilgrimage is deemed complete with the homage paid at Basukinath, 43 km from Deoghar.


  • Baidyanath Temple :Ravana went to Mount Kailash and prayed to Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva gave him a Jyotirlinga and asked him to take it to his land. Ravana was not supposed to break his journey and place the lingam any where else. In case of such a mishappening, the lingam would remain fixed on that spot forever. The gods were most unhappy at the idea of the divine lingam being established in the enemy kingdom, which would render them powerless against their adversary, Ravana. A strategy was soon worked out to outwit the enemy. The god of water, Varuna entered Ravana?s body and urged him to relieve himself. Meanwhile, Vishnu disguised as an old brahmin, befriended Ravana and offered himself to hold the jyotirlinga for a minute. Ravana realised his folly when he returned to see the lingam on the ground with the Brahmin nowhere to be seen. Ravana did his best to uproot the lingam but beyond breaking the tip he was unsuccessful. He finally prostrated before the invincible lingam, which has ever since remained rooted at Deogarh. In deep remorse, Ravana used to come to this place everday and worship the lingam by offering water from the Ganges. Historically the temple is dated to 1596 when a hunter by the name of Baiju, discovered the lost lingam. Since then it came to be known as Baidyanath and people also call it Kamma Lingam - the desire fulfilling lingam.


  • Nandan Hills :The beauty of the hill lies in the cluster of temples dedicated to various gods. Atop the hill there is a tank where people often flock for picnics. There is a big statue of 'Nandi'.


  • Nav Durga Temple :About 2.5 km away from Deoghar is situated an attractive temple of Maa Durga which has a metallic temple of Maa Durga, and paintings depicting her nine forms.


  • Satsang Ashram :This ashram is a holy place to visit for many foloowers of Shri Shri Thakur Anukulachandra which propagates Arya Dharma and culture. It also has a museum and a zoo with a sarva dharma mandir, which is worth seeing.


  • Harila Joria :It's a Shiva Temple situated in the northern direction of Deoghar at a distance of 5 Km. There is an old Shivalingam in this temple and according to local legends it had sprung up from beneath a yellow myrobalan ( Haritaki) tree for which this 'linga' is also called 'Haritakinath'.


  • Pagala Baba Temple :A pair of temples situated on the west nad about 1.5 km away from the station of Jasidih and 9 kms. from Deoghar is the ashram of late Leelanand Chakrovorty, also known as Pagla Baba. For 101 years baba had promised to continue bhajans and kirtans here , which still continues here day and night.


  • Ramkrishna Mission Ashram :It is a famous educational center based on the principles of Shri Ram Krishna and his disciple Swami Vivekananda. There is a museum , a zoo and a artistic temple of Shri RamKrishna at this place.


  • Mandar Hills :Mandar Hill is about 700 feet high and is situated about 30 miles south of the town of Bhagalpur. The hill consists of a huge mass of granite overgrown near the summit with low jungles. There are two temples near the top of the hill, approached by steps cut out of the rock. It is supposed to be used by the Gods to churn Oceans and Sultanganj (100 km) which is situated between the two banks of the holy river Ganges. It is also a place of worship for the jains.


  • Sultanganj :It is traditionally associated with the sage Jahnu, whose ashram was a centre of learning and culture. Jahnu Muni's ashram was located on the rock jutting out of the bed of the Ganga River. Now the site has the Shiva temple of Ajgaivinath, also known as Gaibinath Mahadeo. The story is that the river Ganga on her way to the ocean interrupted the Muni in hismeditation by the rush of her currents. The sage swallowed the river in a gulp. Bhagiratha intervened and the Muni again let her out by making an incision in his thigh. That is why the river Ganga is also called Jahnavi. The three temples of Shiva, namely, the Ajgaivinath temple at Sultanganj, Basukinath temple at Basukinath near Dumka and the temple of Vaidyanath at Deoghar in Santal Parganas are the three most famous Shiva temples in Bihar and they have attracted lakhs of pilgrims every year from a long time past. The temple is solidly built on the rock and has got a series of marvelous rock sculpture and some inscriptions.


ACCOMODATION/STAY OPTIONS IN DEOGARH



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