Belgaum ( earlier known as "Venugrama" or the "Bamboo Village") is one of the oldest, strong, prominent and well cultured historical place nestling high in the Western Ghats. It lies in the zone of cultural transition between Karnataka, Maharashtra and Goa. It is also known as Malenadu or Rain Country and the vegetation here is verdant green throughout the year. Belgaum has now become one of the important and considered district in the state of Karnataka.
Belgaum is situated nearly 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea-level. Its salubrious climate, proximity to the coast and strategic position near Portuguese Goa commended it to the British as a suitable location for an army training center and cantonment.
The city of Belgaum was built in the 12th century AD by the Ratta dynasty who were based at nearby Saundatti. . Belgaum was the capital of the Rattas who shifted to this place from Saundatti during the close of 12th century. A fort built by the Ratta rulers still stands here and is an important tourist attraction. The Jamia Masjid in the fort was built by Sher Khan in 1585-86. There is a dargah of Khanjar Wali near it.
The Mughals took over Belgaum and renamed it as Azamnagar. Belgaum witnessed a prolonged power struggle between the Mughals and the Marathas. The Marathas took over this town and held it until the British took over (in 1818). The British founded their Cantonment here and they made it the head-quaters of Maratha Light Infantry.
ACCOMODATION/STAY OPTIONS IN BELGAUM