INFORMATION ABOUT ALWAR
Alwar is a city in the Rajasthan state of western India. It is the administrative headquarters of Alwar District, and was formerly the capital of the princely state of Alwar or Ulwar in British India. The city is located 170 km south of Delhi.Alwar is a city carved out of the jagged, rocky Aravalli Hills where gruesome battles were fought. The city nestles between several small hills, on the most prominent of which stands a dramatically forbidding fort.
The royal ambience still pervades the city, marked by a number of structures of historical significance. Lakes and valleys thickly wooded in parts, have made this area the haunt of animals and birds. Rich in wildlife, Alwar has one of the finest sanctuaries in Rajasthan.
Cunningham holds that the city derived its name from the Salva tribe and was originally Salwapur, then, Salwar, Halawar and eventually Alwar. There are many theories about the derivation of the name Alwar. The princely state of Alwar was founded by Pratap Singh, a Rajput of the Kachwaha lineage, in the second half of the 18th century.
Alwar, amongst the Rajput principalities was closest to imperial Delhi, influencing the people and history of the region, formerly known as Mewat. The people of Alwar never submitted to alien rule and often rebelled as they had developed a hardy, but carefree attitude to life. During the 12th and 13th centuries, they often acted as adventurers and marauders and used to raid Delhi at night. The western gates of the capital had to be completely shut every evening to bar them from entering. Sultan Balban (1267-1287) finally crushed their disorganised resistance and as a result they came under Muslim rule. In 1771, Maharaja Pratap Singh won back Alwar and founded a principality of his own.
The Places of Interest in and around Alwar
- The Alwar Fort
- Vinay Vilas Mahal (the palace complex)
- Government Museum
- Sariska Tiger Reserve
- Tomb of Fateh Jung
- Bala Quila (The Fort)
- Alwar- School of Arts
The Excursion around Alwar
- Jaisamand Sanctuary
- Silserh lake(13Kms)
- Vijai Mandir Palace(10Kms)
- Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary (37 km)
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